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傳統村落風貌特征的物質要素及構成方式解析—以浙江省黃巖區嶼頭鄉沙灘村為例

發布時間:2019-02-14

磐石体彩 www.vvwyq.com 文章中文名稱:傳統村落風貌特征的物質要素及構成方式解析-以浙江省黃巖區嶼頭鄉沙灘村為例
文章英文名稱:Analysis on Material Elements and Composition of Traditional Village Style: A Case Study on Shatan Village of Huangyan District
作者中文名:楊貴慶 王禎
作者英文名:YANG Guiqing;WANG Zhen

 

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中文摘要
傳統村落的整體空間形態在風貌上呈現出的地方特征和審美價值受到人們廣泛的關注。本文從組成傳統村落風貌特征的物質要素入手,分析、歸納其類型特征,結合其構成方式加以解析。研究指出:傳統村落風貌特征的物質要素由點、線、面三種狀態組成,其中點狀要素包括村廟/ 教堂、牌坊/ 牌樓、祠堂、戲臺/ 鐘鼓樓、古樹、照壁,以及橋梁、水岸埠頭等關鍵要素;線狀要素包括由上述點狀要素所組成的主街通道、主巷通道、主要街巷兩側的建筑界面;面狀要素包括村口、村內多種類型的廣場、街巷交叉口空地、水塘等。上述物質要素的基本狀態根據村落的自然地理地貌特征、生活習慣、民俗文化乃至宗教信仰,形成了“點源結構、線型結構、網狀結構”三種主要構成方式,成為擔負起傳統村落日常生活的經濟功能、社會功能、文化功能的物質支撐。文章結合浙江省黃巖區嶼頭鄉沙灘村進行案例分析,以期對深入認識我國傳統村落的風貌特色、?;ず屠么炒迓淦鸕澆杓饔?,并對創造性轉化、創新性發展我國傳統村落優秀文化基因和價值有所啟發。


英文摘要
The general features and aesthetic value of the traditional village spatial styles caught the wide attention of the public. This paper starts with the analysis of the material elements that make up the characteristics of the traditional village landscape, and then summarizes its types and characteristics as well as analyzes its composition. The study points out that the material elements of the traditional villages are composed of three states: point, line and surface. Among them, the point-like elements include temples/churches, archway/arches, ancestral halls, opera/bell towers, old trees, screen walls, bridges, waterfront quay and other key elements. The linear elements include the main street channel, the main alley channel and the building interface on both sides of the main street composed of the mentioned point elements. The planar elements include village entrance, various types of squares, open space of lane intersections, reservoirs and so on. These basic material elements form three main modes of “point structure, linear structure and net structure” according to the natural geography and geomorphology, habits, folk culture and even religious belief of villages, which become the substance foundations for economy, society and culture of traditional villages. The paper also has carried on the case analysis with the Shatan Village of Yuantou Town, which locates in Huangyan District of Zhejiang Province. The paper is expected to be of reference to in-depth understanding of the characteristics and the protection and utilization of traditional villages in our country, and is of inspiration for the creative transformation and innovative development of the excellent cultural gene and value of our traditional villages.


中文關鍵詞:傳統村落,風貌,風貌要素,功能結構,黃巖沙灘村
英文關鍵詞:traditional villages, style, elements, functions, Shatan Village of Huangyan District
作者單位:楊貴慶 同濟大學建筑與城市規劃學院城市規劃系系主任、教授
王 禎  上海同濟城市規劃設計研究院規劃師

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