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街道中央線性開放空間與可持續交通方式結合的景觀類型學研究

發布時間:2019-02-13
文章中文名稱:街道中央線性開放空間與可持續交通方式結合的景觀類型學研究 
文章英文名稱:Landscape Typology Research on the Combination of Linear Open Space and Sustainable Modes of Transportation in the Center of the Street 
作者中文名:金云峰 范煒 周曉霞
作者英文名:JIN Yunfeng;FAN Wei;ZHOU Xiaoxia 
 

中文摘要
城市可持續交通方式的發展,不僅提升慢行交通、公交對街道的空間使用優先權,而且可能對街道景觀產生重要的影響。研究可持續交通方式如何與街道景觀結合,能夠促進街道景觀規劃設計與可持續交通發展的互相支持。本文對一組特殊的街道景觀類型進行了研究,它們一般位于街道兩側有較高人口密度、有較多商業用地或底商的區位。它們的共同點是:在街道中央有一條線性開放空間,它服務于步行者,還連接了大運量快速公交,如地鐵、有軌電車、高架輕軌,從而支持可持續交通方式。具體的類型包括:道路中的微型開放空間、漫步長廊、綠廊大街以及公交走廊—線性綠廊。 
 
英文摘要

The development of sustainable modes of transportation in urban areas will not only enhance the priority of the slow traffic and public transport to the use of space in streets, but also lead to important changes in the street landscape. The influence of sustainable modes of transportation on the street landscape can promote mutual supports of the street landscape planning and design and its own development. In this paper, a series of special street landscape types are studied, which are generally located on both sides of the street with higher population density, more commercial sites or floor vendors. Their common characteristic is that there is a linear opening space in the street, which serves the pedestrians or a combination of the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)such as metros, trams and elevated railways, to support sustainable modes of transportation. Specific types of these street landscape include: mini-open space in streets, promenade, the green corridor, and transit corridor - linear green corridor.
 
中文關鍵詞:街道景觀,公共開放空間,城市修補,有機更新,景觀原型 
英文關鍵詞:the street landscape, public open space, urban repair, organic renewal, landscape prototype  

作者單位:
金云峰:同濟大學建筑與城市規劃學院景觀學系副系主任、教授
范煒:同濟大學建筑與城市規劃學院景觀學系博士研究生
周曉霞:上海同濟城市規劃設計研究院主任工程師(通訊作者)
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